Physiological aspects of post-training adaptation in martial arts

Karol Pilis1, Jacek Wąsik1, Anna Pilis1, Krzysztof Stec1, Cezary Michalski1, Michal Zych1,
Wiesław Pilis1,2
1Institute of Physical Education, Tourism, and Physiotherapy, University of Czestochowa, Poland
2Institute of Physiotherapy, Public Medical Higher Vocational School, Opole, Poland

Background and Study Aim. Dependent on the character and intensity, sports training results in specific adaptive changes in the organism that can occur at different pace. In order to study the post-training adaptation of the organism, a group of martial arts athletes and a group of untrained  students were tested. The aim of the study was morphofunctional characteristic of the person practicing martial arts and untrained youths.
Material and Methods. 8 Brazilian jiu jitsu athletes, 4 taekwondo athletes (SG) and 10 students (CG) performed an anaerobic Wingate test (WT)  and then a cycle ergometer aerobic test (ET) during which the circulatory and pulmonary variables were recorded.
Results. The study has shown that the SG group in comparison to the CG group achieved higher anaerobic work (Wt) and average power during  WT, whereas during ET they achieved higher values of power at anaerobic threshold (APAT), higher values of aerobic power at maximal load (APML), with a simultaneous higher energy expenditure (EE) and significantly higher values of VO2max, maximum pulmonary ventilation
(VE) and oxygen debt (OD), without the occurrence of other significant changes in the pulmonary and circulatory systems.
Conclusions. The obtained results suggest that the applied training loads lead to gradual adaptive changes in the organism that started with the  increase of aerobic and anaerobic power, and with initial increase in exercise metabolism.
Key words: Brazilian jiu jitsu ? taekwondo ? aerobic power ? anaerobic power ? training adaptation

Published online: 17 September 2015
Copyright: ? 2015 the Authors. Published by Archives of Budo
Contributors: Karol Pilis, Jacek Wąsik, Anna Pilis, Cezary Michalski conceived the study design. Karol Pilis, Anna Pilis, Wiesław Pilis collected  the data. Krzysztof Stec, Cezary Michalski, Michal Zych analysed the data. Karol Pilis, Jacek Wąsik, Krzysztof Stec, Michal Zych prepared the manuscript. Wiesław Pilis secured the funding.
Funding: The paper is financed from the science budget for the years 2013-2016 within the framework of MNiSW project, nr RSA2 007 52.
Conflict of interest: Authors have declared that no competing interest exists
Ethical approval: Not required
Provenance and peer review: Under responsibility of HMA Congress
Corresponding author: Jacek Wąsik, Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, Jan Długosz University of Częstochowa, Armii  Krajowej 13/15; 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland; e-mail: jwasik[at]
Open Access License: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial 4.0  International (, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license