Silat Olahraga: The Malay Combat Sports

Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie1, Mohd Shahiid Elias2

1Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia
2Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia Association, Selangor, Malaysia

Silat olahraga is a sport that existed in the midst of development of thousands of silat schools in the world. Olahraga means the ability for  a silat exponent to perform his silat techniques in combat with striking and defensive actions such as punching, kicking, throwing, catching,
parrying and blocking and any skill related to silat techniques. Thus, the purpose of the present paper is to provide the review of Silat Olahraga sports since it was introduced 30 years ago in Malaysia. There are three types of silat contests that are championship, showmanship  and freestyle. The championship is a contest in which a participant aims to become a district champion, state champion, a national  champion or international champion. In silat olahraga there are several types of strikes athletes can use during competition. The assessment  of winning or losing is determined by the standard of attack, the defence, the falls and clinching that takes place in the competition. The  fighters are judged on the prestige of their techniques and the beauty of silat that is portrayed. There are several skills that contribute to  success in silat performance where every aspect of these skills will contribute to success of the fighter. However, several factors will also  influence the game such as injury and error of marking. Thus, the tournament of silat olahraga is like a golden bridge which strengthens  the ties among the athletes from different schools at the state, national and international levels with spirits of friendship and warriorship.
Key Words: martial arts ? combat sports ? regulations ? arts ? techniques

Published online: 17 September 2015
Copyright: ? 2015 the Authors. Published by Archives of Budo
Contributors: Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie, Mohd Shahiid Elias conceived the study design. Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie, Mohd Shahiid collected the data. Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie, Mohd Shahiid analysed the data. Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie, Mohd Shahiid prepared the manuscript. Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie, Mohd Shahiid secured the funding.
Funding: Departmental sources.
Conflict of interest: Authors have declared that no competing interest exists
Ethical approval: Not required
Provenance and peer review: Under responsibility of HMA Congress
Corresponding author: Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie, Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Academic Building No.3, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia; e-mail: nizam7907[at]
Open Access License: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial 4.0  International (, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the  original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license