The assessment of the anterior and posterior spine curvatures in

Marta Motow-Czyż, Jacek Wąsik, Marek Kluszczyński
Institute of Physical Education and Tourism and Physiotherapy, Jan Dlugosz University of Czestochowa; Poland

Background and Study Aim. Daily physical activity prevents from a number of changes in the body posture such as the anterior and posterior spine curvatures. Training hand-to-hand combat as a form of physical activity when following the rules of Taekwon-do can contribute to the improvement in body posture. Children and adolescents from Juvenile Detention Centres are presumed to use hand-to hand combat to resolve conflicts. The question arises: does the range of curvatures differ between the groups. The objective of the work is thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis in the groups of Taekwon-do practitioners and the socially unadjusted.
Material and methods. The research material included 39 children and adolescents aged 10-18 (20 Teakwon-do practitioners and 19 subjects from Juvenile Detention Centres in the region of Silesia). The Saunders inclinometer was used to measure the angle of lumbar lordosis and the angle of thoracic kyphosis. The variations between the groups were assessed on the basis of c2 Pearson?s test at the significance level of p<0.05.
Results. Kyphotic curvatures deviating from the norm were observed mostly in the group of children and adolescents from Juvenile Detention Centres where thoracic curvatures occurred in 42.1 % of the subjects. In the group of Teakwon-do practitioners the figure was apparently higher (65%). Lordotic curvatures, within the norm, occurred in 60% of the Teakwon-do practitioners and 52,63% of the subjects from the
other group.
Conclusion. Despite some variations in spine curvatures, the test did not confirm the statistical significance between the groups of Teakwon-do practitioners and the socially unadjusted, which can result from a high level of physical activity of the members of the two groups.
Key words: thoracic kyphosis ? lumbar lordosis ? body posture ? taekwon-do

Published online: 17 September 2015
Copyright: ? 2015 the Authors. Published by Archives of Budo
Contributors: Marta Motow-Czyż, Jacek Wąsik, Marek Kluszczyński conceived the study design. Marta Motow-Czyż, Jacek Wąsik, Marek Kluszczyński collected the data. Marta Motow-Czyż, Jacek Wąsik analysed the data. Marta Motow-Czyż, Jacek Wąsik, Marek Kluszczyński prepared the manuscript. Marta Motow-Czyż, Jacek Wąsik secured the funding.
Funding: Departmental sources.
Conflict of interest: Authors have declared that no competing interest exists
Ethical approval: Accepted by the Local Ethical Committee
Provenance and peer review: Under responsibility of HMA Congress
Corresponding author: Jacek Wąsik, Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, Jan Długosz University of Częstochowa, Armii Krajowej 13/15; 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland; e-mail: jwasik[at]
Open Access License: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial 4.0 International (, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license